What Is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. It causes ulcers and inflammation in the digestive tract. While there is no known cure for this disease, some treatment protocols can reduce symptoms and bring the patient into long-term remission. There are an estimated one million cases in the United States. Ulcerative colitis develops slowly. It is classified as an autoimmune disorder. The inflammation and ulcers appear in the innermost lining of the colon. Ulcerative colitis traditionally begins in the rectum before expanding into other areas of the large intestine. Symptoms vary from patient to patient depending on the location within the colon and the severity of the inflammation and ulcers.

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