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Also known as allergic dermatitis, this is one of the most common types of pet allergies. This happens when your dog gets exposed to things that irritate its skin. That includes insect bites, exposure to yard treatment chemicals, and some plants.
Just like humans, dogs might be allergic to the saliva that insects like mosquitoes and fleas inject into the skin before they suck the blood. Your dog’s skin might also get irritated from using a new detergent to wash their bedding or new soap to wash them.
This is not only common in human beings but also among pets. What happens when the body of your dog reacts negatively to certain foods. While it mostly causes stomach problems, you may also notice that your dog has itchy skin and fur loss.
These are perhaps the most alarming types of pet allergies. It happens when your dog reacts to vaccine injections or bee stings but could also have some other causes. You need to seek immediate medical attention if this is the type of allergy your dog has.
Again, just like you may have seasonal allergies, your dog might suffer from that too. If you notice that your dog sneezes more or itches at the same time of the year, this is mostly the case. It mainly happens because of environmental allergens like pollen, dust, and mold.
While each of the above types of allergies could cause some distinct symptoms, some of the main allergic reaction symptoms you will notice in your dog include:
This is one of the most common symptoms your dog will exhibit anytime they have an allergic reaction. It might happen all over the body or could be localized. Some of the most common areas that you will notice increased itching are:
Itching might appear normal in dogs because they do that a lot. However, if you notice that your dog is licking, biting, and scratching those areas of its body, it is mostly an allergy. That could cause hair loss or inflamed skin.
If your dog has a severe allergic reaction, they will traumatize their skin by vigorously scratching, which could cause them to have open wounds and later infections. You should seek medical attention if you notice continued itching.
Also referred to as urticaria, hives are reactions that cause the appearance of itchy swelling on the skin of your dog. They are easy for you to spot if your dog has short fur.
However, if your dog has thick fur, you will most likely know they are there by feeling them. Sometimes you will notice that with hives, your dog also suffers from itchiness. While they don't often threaten the life of your dog, you need to have the cause treated immediately for your dog’s comfort.
This is one of the most alarming symptoms of pet allergies. It is not only uncomfortable for the dog but is also very distressing for you as the owner. You may notice that your dog has swelling on its throat, ear flaps, nose, and lips.
The areas that are affected by the swelling are often itchy. Just like hives, it’s easier for you to identify that your dog has a swollen face if they have short fur. The main cause of a swollen face is an acute allergy, but it could also happen if your dog inhaled an allergen.
This is mostly vomiting and diarrhea. While it mostly happens because of a food allergy, it could also happen because of any other allergen. The main diet causes of diarrhea and vomiting are protein-based foods like dairy products and beef.
They could also happen because of an anaphylactic reaction. During the reaction, the body releases many chemicals that affect many body parts, including the gastrointestinal tract.
Anaphylaxis or shock
This is one of the fatal symptoms of pet allergies. It mostly happens because of acute allergies, mainly a reaction to a vaccine. Therefore, you should keep a close eye on your dog after they receive a vaccine. Your dog goes into shock, which causes:
• Difficulties breathing
• A fall in blood pressure
• Lost control over their bowels and bladder
If your dog has anaphylaxis, the symptoms will occur within a few minutes. Some of the symptoms that indicate anaphylaxis are vomiting, pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, and lethargy. You should have your dog treated immediately.
Runny nose and sneezing
While this mostly happens because of a seasonal allergic reaction, you must have your vet check the dog, especially if a fever or other symptoms accompany them.
This is also a common reaction to seasonal allergies. However, you need to take your dog to the vet immediately because it could be a sign of eye damage or a warning sign of upper respiratory infections.
The treatment method of your dog's allergic reaction depends on the cause and severity. If you notice that your dog has a bee sting, do your best to remove the sting as soon as possible and apply a cold compress before getting to the vet.
You should always be on the lookout for other symptoms if you notice that your dog is acting up. Some of the treatments the vet will give your dog for anaphylactic reactions include:
• Injectable steroids
• Intravenous fluids
If the dog has difficulties breathing, the vet will conduct intubation to help keep the airway open and conduct oxygen therapy. If your dog has a severe allergic reaction, you might have to leave them at the vet center for more medication and monitoring.
If you notice any allergic reactions, do not administer medications to your dog unless you consult the vet first.
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